HOW TO INSTALL GARDEN PONDS
There are many benefits for getting a water garden pond, contributing not only to aesthetic quality, but also your personal mentality. When activated with hidden pumps, ponds become a therapeutic and calming experience while contributing to a pleasent atmosphere. Ponds are also beneficial to your garden as they reduce frost in the cold winters of Calgary and cool the air in the summer. They also attract birds and butterflies to your garden. Moreover, now that ponds are available with flexible liners and prefabricated pools, installing a pond is no longer a task exclusively for professionals.
Planning your pond
The location of where you plan to build your pond depends on the type of plants you want to include in the pond. For example, water lillies require at least 6 hours of sunshine a day. In fact, most flowering aquatic plants will require abundant light to live, while plants consisting of only foliage will be found to be more tolerant.
The contents of your pond will also depend greatly on the size of your pool. If you’re planning on something with a bigger variety of life, you’ll need a bigger pool. If this variety includes fish and overwinter aquatic plants, the pond’s depth should be at least 3 feet, otherwise a small simple pool will only need a couple of inches.
The waves in the pool will bounce off of the sides of the pond, thus creating a certain effect depending on its shape. The shape will also depend on if your yard is trim and proper or more exotic and natural. If there is a formal shape for the pond (a square, circle, rectangle) it would look out of place in an untamed environment.
Installing your Pond
The two main choices of ponds these days are flexible liners and prefabricated pools. If a concrete pool is preferred, it is probably best to contact a professional for installation instead. Installing a flexible liner is usually the easiest and least expensive option to install a pond. The thicker the liner, the longer your pond will last. Look for liners with UV protection because plastic deteriorates in the sun, or opt for the more expensive yet durable rubber liner. Measure the width and length of the pond at its widest points and add twice the depth to each then add another foot for overlap.
- Mark the outline of your pond with a garden hose.
- Dig out the pond to two inches more than the desired depth but leave shelves about 9 inches deep to leave space intended for immergent plants. Don’t cut the walls at angles of 90 degrees or the walls may collapse. The walls must be on a slight angle away from the pond. Use a straight board with a level to make sure that your edges are level.
- Cover the entire surface of the hole with 2 inches of damp sand
- Spread the liner over the hole and hold it in place with rocks, folding it carefully at corners and using your feet to mold the liner into shape.
- Slowly fill it with water, making sure to smooth out the liner as it fills.
- Cut away the extra liner, but leave extra inches from the edges. Cover the overlap with soil or paving stones.
Prefrabricated liner ponds are installed in almost the same way, only coming in a premade shape which may be easier for installation.